A woven fabric is created on a loom and made into cloth by horizontally lined up threads that interweave vertically lined up threads (weft and warp). Fabrics such as silk, denim, cotton twill, satin, chiffon, corduroy can all be examples of woven fabrics. There are also certain techniques used in the weaving process that create different textures. For example, Jacquard, this is an intricate design woven by a mechanical loom following a certain pattern. Another example is brocade, the name comes from the same root word as the word "broccoli" and it comes from the Italian word “Broccato” meaning embossed cloth. Woven textiles can easily be created with texture, think about Tweed for example, with its knobbly yarn. Woven fabrics do not have a natural stretch unless they have some sort of elastic (Spandex) added to it or when they are cut on the Bias. Examples of kinds of woven fabrics are Jeans.
KNIT FABRICS: Knit Fabrics are created on machines that “knit” the yarn into cloth. It has just one thread or yarn that is getting knit not unlike the way people knit with two knitting needles. Think of a sweater that has a hole, once you pull that yarn, it just keeps unraveling. Fabrics such as single jersey, double jersey, interlock, rib and fleece are examples of knits. The easiest example of this type of fabric is a t-shirt. There are two types of Knit Fabrics, 2-way stretch and 4-way stretch.
These man-made fabrics are “pressed" into form. Think felt, but also Neoprene (sometimes called Scuba).We are starting to use this type of fabric more and more on High Fashion runways around the world. One of the things that can be done with non-woven fabrics such as neoprene, is that the seams can be fused together instead of sewn with a traditional sewing machine. This usually is done in factories and is not generally done by home-sewers as they don't have the tools/machines needed to do this. neoprene is also great to use for laser-cutting as this type of fabric does not fray. Examples of non-wovens are ski pants.
WHAT ARE SUSTAINABLE FABRICS?
As We Produce More And More Garbage, I Feel It Is Time To Re-Think What I Want To Buy & Sell. When I Had My Brick And Mortar Store, It Was Usually My Goal To Find Designer Fabrics That Were On-Trend And Edgy, Rather Than Eco First And On-Trend And Edgy Next. But That Changed When I Saw Pictures Of The Great Pacific Garbage Patch And Thought To Myself, From Now On, I'll Be Much More Conscious Of My Purchases.What I Buy For My Courses Today Is Only The Best Quality Sustainable And/Or Recycled Fabrics I Can Source; Bamboo, Organic Cotton, Recycled Poly, Tencel And Other New Fabrics That Are Developed Every Year. Below A Little More In-Depth Information On These Kind Of Textiles And Why I Believe In Them. In A (Still) Fairly Underdeveloped Industry, Cool Things Are Starting To Appear And I Hope That You Will Like My Finds As Much As I Do. Bit By Bit Things Are Changing In The Apparel Industry And In Addition To The Fibers That Are Grown Or Produced That Are Less Harmful To The Planet, There Are Always New Ways Of Cutting That Create Less Waste. A Movement Called "Zero Waste" Promotes Cutting Garments Out Of Sewing Patterns That Have All Sorts Of Clever Folds And Ways Of Pattern Layouts That Are All Intended To Leave No Waste On The Floor. If You Are Interested In This, Look Under Courses And Sign Up For Our Course In "Zero Waste". Below A Little Information On Some Of The Sustainable Fabrics We Like To Use In Our Courses.
A Biodegradable Cellulose Fiber Made Of Wood, Created By Using Nano Technology. Tencel Is A Lot Like Rayon, But Because Of Its "Solvent-Spinning" Process Which Is A Non-Toxic Solvent, Makes This Fabric Almost Entirely Recyclable. And Environmentally Sound. This Fabric Is Pretty Amazing; It Has The Fluid Soft Hand And Drape Of A "Luxury Fiber" Such As Silk But Is Washable, Wrinkle Resistant, Durable, And Breathable Among Other Qualities.
This Is A Man-Made Fabric Created From Reconstituted Cellulose Of Beech Fibers. Just Like Tencel, It Is Considered Somewhat Like A Rayon But The Difference Is That Modal Is Made From Only Beech Tree Fibers WherEas Rayon Is Made From Wood Pulp Of All Sorts Of Trees. Modal Is Considered Natural, But It Is Still Processed Using Chemicals. Modal Is Often Mixed With Other Fibers Such As Cotton. Quite A Great Fabric As It Has All These Attributes That Are Similar To Silks And Cottons Without Their Side Effects Such As, Shrinking (Cotton) Need For Dry-Cleaning (Silks). This Fabric Is Soft, Cool To The Touch, Colorfast, Pill Resistant Among Other Qualities. All In All A Great Alternative To Cottons Or Silks.
Is A Natural Fabric Made From The Pulp Of Bamboo Grass, Which Grows Very Rapidly Without Needing Any Pesticides To Do So, Which Makes It A Sustainable Fabric.
Organic Cotton Is Cotton Fiber That Has Been Grown Without The Use Of Pesticides And Fertilizers. Even Though Organic Cotton Is Much Better For The Planet Than Cotton That Is Not Organic, Cotton Still Uses A Lot Of Water And May Still Be Processed With Harsh Dyes And Chemicals.
Polyester Is Made From Petroleum Which Is A Non Renewable Resource. Because Of This, Once Polyester Is Made, It Never Goes Away. That Said, It Is A Great Thing That Polyester Is Now Re-Cycled So Something Is Done With The Waste We Already Have. PET Is A Name For Re-Cycled Polyester That Is Mainly Used For Fleece (Think Patagonia). The Positive Thing About Polyester Is That It Has Lower Energy Impacts During The Washing And Is Easy To Care For.